Steering Law Controlling the Constant Speeds of Control Moment Gyros

Y. Koyasako, M. Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


To enable the agile control of satellites, using control moment gyros (CMGs) has become increasingly necessary because of their ability to generate large amounts of torque. However, CMGs have a singularity problem whereby the torque by the CMGs degenerates from three dimensions to two dimensions, affecting spacecraft attitude control performance. This study proposes a new steering control law for CMGs by controlling the constant speed of a CMG. The proposed method enables agile attitude changes, according to the required task, by managing the total angular momentum of the CMGs by considering the distance to external singularities. In the proposed method, the total angular momentum is biased in a specific direction and the angular momentum envelope is extended. The design method can increase the net angular momentum of CMGs which can be exchanged with the satellite. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated by numerical simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012161
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 3
Event13th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control, MOVIC 2016 and the 12th International Conference on Recent Advances in Structural Dynamics, RASD 2016 - Southampton, United Kingdom
Duration: 2016 Jul 42016 Jul 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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