Strength of intentional effort enhances the sense of agency

Rin Minohara, Wen Wen, Shunsuke Hamasaki, Takaki Maeda, Motoichiro Kato, Hiroshi Yamakawa, Atsushi Yamashita, Hajime Asama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Sense of agency (SoA) refers to the feeling of controlling one's own actions, and the experience of controlling external events with one's actions. The present study examined the effect of strength of intentional effort on SoA. We manipulated the strength of intentional effort using three types of buttons that differed in the amount of force required to depress them. We used a self-attribution task as an explicit measure of SoA. The results indicate that strength of intentional effort enhanced self-attribution when action-effect congruency was unreliable. We concluded that intentional effort importantly affects the integration of multiple cues affecting explicit judgments of agency when the causal relationship action and effect was unreliable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01165
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Issue numberAUG
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 3


  • Comparator model
  • Cue integration
  • Intentional effort
  • Self-attribution task
  • Sense of agency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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