Study of temperature-responsibility on the surfaces of a thermo-responsive polymer modified stationary phase

Eri Ayano, Yuji Okada, Chikako Sakamoto, Hideko Kanazawa, Akihiko Kikuchi, Teruo Okano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated a thermo-sensitive polymer, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm), which is the basis of an HPLC stationary phase. We prepared a PNIPAAm terminally-modified surface. In this study, we investigated the effect of PNIPAAm on the surface of a stationary phase on separation based on changes of the retention time with the temperature step gradient. As the temperature changed the surface property of the stationary phase switched from hydrophilic to hydrophobic. The retention on the polymer-modified stationary phase remarkably changed upon changing the temperature. Using a column packed with PNIPAAm-modified silica, the separation of steroids was carried out by changing the temperature. With increasing temperature, an increased interaction between solutes and PNIPAAm-grafted surfaces of the stationary phases was observed. A temperature-dependent resolution of steroids was achieved using only water as a mobile phase. The PNIPAAm-modified surface of the stationary phase exhibited temperature-controlled hydrophilic-hydrophobic changes. The drastic and reversible surface hydrophilic-hydrophobic property alteration for PNIPAAm terminally-grafted surfaces should be due to rapid changes in the polymer hydration state around the polymer's transition temperature. A solvent gradient elution-like effect could be achieved with a single mobile phase by programmed temperature changes during chromatographic runs. This system should be highly useful to control the function and property of the stationary phase for HPLC only by changing the temperature with an aqueous solvent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-57
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun 30


  • HPLC
  • Oral contraceptive
  • Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)
  • Temperature step gradient
  • Temperature-responsive chromatography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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