18F-FDG-labeled red blood cell PET for blood-pool imaging: preclinical evaluation in rats

Yohji Matsusaka, Tadaki Nakahara, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Yu Iwabuchi, Chiyoko Nishime, Mayumi Kajimura, Masahiro Jinzaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Red blood cells (RBCs) labeled with single-photon emitters have been clinically used for blood-pool imaging. Although some PET tracers have been introduced for blood-pool imaging, they have not yet been widely used. The present study investigated the feasibility of labeling RBCs with 18F-2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose (18F-FDG) for blood-pool imaging with PET. RBCs isolated from venous blood of rats were washed with glucose-free phosphate-buffered saline and labeled with 18F-FDG. To optimize labeling efficiency, the effects of glucose deprivation time and incubation (labeling) time with 18F-FDG were investigated. Post-labeling stability was assessed by calculating the release fraction of radioactivity and identifying the chemical forms of 18F in the released and intracellular components of 18F-FDG-labeled RBCs incubated in plasma. Just after intravenous injection of the optimized autologous 18F-FDG-labeled RBCs, dynamic PET scans were performed to evaluate in vivo imaging in normal rats and intraabdominal bleeding models (temporary and persistent bleeding). Results: The optimal durations of glucose deprivation and incubation (labeling) with 18F-FDG were 60 and 30 min, respectively. As low as 10% of 18F was released as the form of 18F-FDG from 18F-FDG-labeled RBCs after a 60-min incubation. Dynamic PET images of normal rats showed strong persistence in the cardiovascular system for at least 120 min. In the intraabdominal bleeding models, 18F-FDG-labeled RBC PET visualized the extravascular blood clearly and revealed the dynamic changes of the extravascular radioactivity in the temporary and persistent bleeding. Conclusions: RBCs can be effectively labeled with 18F-FDG and used for blood-pool imaging with PET in rats.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19
JournalEJNMMI Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1


  • Blood-pool imaging
  • F-FDG
  • Intraabdominal bleeding
  • PET
  • Red blood cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of '18F-FDG-labeled red blood cell PET for blood-pool imaging: preclinical evaluation in rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this