8-Hydroxyguanine (80HG), an oxidatively damaged base, and benzo[a]pyrene-diol-epoxide (BPDE), a metabolite of benzo[a]pyrene found in cigarette smoke, are thought to be major causes for G:C to T:A transversions in DNA of human cells. In this study, we assessed the abilities of OGG1, MYH and APE1 proteins, which are components of a base excision repair pathway, to suppress G:C to T:A transversions caused by 80HG or BPDE by a bacterial suppressor tRNA (supF) forward mutation assay using a shuttle plasmid, pMY189. The introduction of a single 80HG residue at position 159 of the supF gene and treatment with BPDE led to a 65- and 34-fold increase in mutation frequencies of the pMY189 plasmid, respectively, after replication in the NCI-H1299 human lung cancer cell line. G:C to T:A transversions were predominantly induced in these plasmids. Both the mutation frequency of the 80HG-containing plasmid in NCI-H1299 cells and the occurrence of G:C to T:A transversions at position 159 in the supF gene were significantly reduced by overexpression of OGG1 and MYH proteins, but not by that of APE1 protein. In contrast, neither mutation frequency nor the occurrence of G:C to T:A transversion of the BPDE-treated plasmid was reduced by overexpression of OGG1, MYH and APE1 proteins. These results indicate that OGG1 and MYH function as suppressors for G:C to T:A transversions by 80HG but not by BPDE in human cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research