Surgical outcomes of reconstruction using the gastric tube and free jejunum for cervical esophageal cancer: analysis using the National Clinical Database of Japan

Yutaka Miyawaki, Hisateru Tachimori, Yasuaki Nakajima, Hiroshi Sato, Naoto Fujiwara, Kenro Kawada, Hiroaki Miyata, Shinichi Sakuramoto, Hideaki Shimada, Masayuki Watanabe, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yuichiro Doki, Yuko Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cervical esophageal cancer accounts for a small proportion of all esophageal cancers. Therefore, studies examining this cancer include a small patient cohort. Most patients with cervical esophageal cancer undergo reconstruction using a gastric tube or free jejunum after esophagectomy. We examined the current status of postoperative morbidity and mortality of cervical esophageal cancer based on big data. Methods: Based on the Japan National Clinical Database, 807 surgically treated patients with cervical esophageal cancer were enrolled between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2019. Surgical outcomes were retrospectively reviewed for each reconstructed organ using gastric tubes and free jejunum. Results: The incidence of postoperative complications related to reconstructed organs was higher in the gastric tube reconstruction (17.9%) than in the free jejunum (6.7%) for anastomotic leakage (p < 0.01), but not significantly different for reconstructed organ necrosis (0.4% and 0.3%, respectively). The incidence rates of overall morbidity, pneumonia, 30-day reoperation, tracheal necrosis, and 30-day mortality using these reconstruction methods were 64.7% and 59.7%, 16.7% and 11.1%, 9.3% and 11.4%, 2.2% and 1.6%, and 1.2% and 0.0%, respectively. Only pneumonia was more common in the gastric tube reconstruction group (p = 0.03), but was not significantly different for any other complication. Conclusions: The incidence of overall morbidities and reoperation, especially anastomotic leakage after gastric tube reconstruction, suggested a necessity for further improvement. However, the incidence of fatal complications, such as tracheal necrosis or reconstructed organ necrosis, was low for both reconstruction methods, and the mortality rate was acceptable as a means of radical treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-434
Number of pages8
JournalEsophagus
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jul

Keywords

  • Cervical esophageal cancer
  • Free jejunum
  • Gastric tube
  • Gastrointestinal reconstruction
  • Operative morbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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