Sustainability assessment of cities: SDGs and GHG emissions

Shun Kawakubo, Shuzo Murakami, Toshiharu Ikaga, Yasushi Asami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


The United Nations’ (UN) sustainable development goals (SDGs), the core of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the UN Paris Agreement, were adopted in 2015. Involvement of not only national governments but also all other stakeholders including local governments is important to promote sustainable development and to achieve the goals. The question arises, therefore, of what methods should be used to best implement and assess sustainability issues at a local level. In this light, a new version of Comprehensive Assessment System for Built Environment Efficiency (CASBEE), CASBEE for Cities, is introduced for assessing the sustainability of cities and communities around the world based on SDG indicators and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The tool allows users to understand the sustainability of cities and communities based on quality (Q) and environmental load (L) perspectives. The sustainability assessments show that cities in developed countries tend to have good grades for Q, but bad grades for L, while cities in developing countries tend to have the opposite trend. This will assist cities and communities in both developed and developing countries to understand urgent problems and to identify effective solutions for sustainable development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)528-539
Number of pages12
JournalBuilding Research and Information
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 4


  • assessment system
  • cities
  • greenhouse gases (GHGs)
  • sustainability criteria
  • sustainable cities
  • sustainable development goals (SDGs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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