Synthesis and cytotoxicity of shikimate analogues. Structure: Activity studies based on 1-crotonyloxymethyl-3R,4R,5R-trihydroxycyclohex-2-enone

O. Aghil, M. C. Bibby, S. J. Carrington, J. Double, K. T. Douglas, R. M. Phillips, T. K.M. Shing

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37 Citations (Scopus)


Syntheses are described for and structure:activity studies undertaken of the anti-tumour activity of (2-crotonyloxymethyl-(4R,5R,6R)-4,5,6-trihydroxycyclohex-2-enone) (1) and its analogues 1-crotonyloxymethyl-(3R,4S,5R) -3,4,5-trihydroxycyclohex-1-ene (3), 1-crotonyloxymethyl- (3R,4S,5S)-3,4,5-trihydroxycyclohexene (4) and 2-crotonyloxymethyl-2-cyclohexenone (5), which differ from 1 in the presence/absence of the cyclic keto group and/or the stereochemistry at one of the -OH bearing carbon atoms. None of the above compounds, including 1, directly inhibited glyoxalase I,isolated for the first time to homogeneity from rat Yoshida sarcomas and for which a purification protocol was developed. The apparent inhibition of glyoxalase 1 by 1 and 5 (but not detected for 4 or 3) could be explained by reaction of 1 and 5 with the glutathione present in the assay buffer and the consequent depletion of substrate. 1 and 5 were found to react readily with glutathione whereas 4 and 3 did not react. In vitro chemosensitivity studies against a panel of tumour cell lines of both mouse and human origin showed that in parallel with their thiol reactivity, 1 and 5 exhibited significant in vitro cytotoxicity whereas 4 and 3 did not. Concentrations of drug required to cause 50% cell kill (ID50 values) were in the range 0.5-19 μM (0.1-2.8 μg/ml) for 5, and 3-44 μM (0.7-10 μg/ml) for 1. The structural features causing the differences in antitumour effects were localized on this basis to the α,β- unsaturated ketone linkage as opposed to the stereochemistry of the (trihydroxy) alcoholic sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-82
Number of pages16
JournalAnti-Cancer Drug Design
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry


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