Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of biosimilars compared with reference biological disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a part of the process of developing the 2020 update of the Japan College of Rheumatology guidelines for the management of RA. Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Japan Centra Revuo Medicina were searched for articles to conduct a systematic review (SR). The quality of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. Results: Twenty randomized controlled trials were included (biosimilars of infliximab, etanercept, and adalimumab). A meta-analysis revealed that the risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of achieving the American College of Rheumatology 50% response (ACR50) at week 24 and serious adverse events (SAEs) for biosimilars compared with the reference bDMARDs were 1.04 (0.98-1.10) and 0.84 (0.61-1.18), respectively. The RRs of achieving ACR50 and SAEs at week 24 were respectively 0.93 (0.69-1.26) and 2.15 (0.55-8.35) in the patients who switched to biosimilars from the reference bDMARDs and 0.92 (0.76-1.12) and 1.41 (0.32-6.15) in those who continued the reference bDMARDs. Conclusion: Biosimilars and reference bDMARDs were equally useful for the management of RA.
- Biological disease modifying antirheumatic drug
- GRADE system
- rheumatoid arthritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas