Tear film and ocular surface abnormalities after eyelid tattooing

Takashi Kojima, Murat Dogru, Yukihiro Matsumoto, Eiki Goto, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


A 45-year-old woman who underwent eyelid tattooing 20 years earlier presented with decreased left vision and eye discomfort. Her ocular history revealed an uneventful LASIK procedure 4 years previously with epithelial problems of the flap followed by S. aureus keratitis. Resultant corneal opacity necessitated a deep lamellar keratoplasty performed 9 months prior to admission followed by frequent epithelial problems. At the time of admission, her left eye had a corneal epithelial defect and both lower eyelid margins revealed subepidermal pigmentation and keratinization. Her initial examination revealed tear instability with increased ocular surface staining scores and advanced tear film lipid layer abnormality in both eyes. Meibography showed bilateral total meibomian gland dropout. Treatment with autologous serum eye drops resulted in full epithelialization. Meibomian gland disease-specific therapy did not result in any change in breakup time, vital staining scores, tear film lipid layer interferometry grades, or glandular dropout state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-71
Number of pages3
JournalOphthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jan
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology


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