The anti-tumor effect of cabozantinib on ovarian clear cell carcinoma in vitro and in vivo

Makiko Nakatani, Hidemichi Watari, Takashi Mitamura, Lei Wang, Yutaka Hatanaka, Kanako C. Hatanaka, Kohei Honda, Toshiyuki Nomura, Hiroshi Nishihara, Shinya Tanaka, Noriaki Sakuragi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Several reports have shown that the overexpression of the MET proto-oncogene, receptor tyrosine kinase (MET), was more frequently observed in clear cell carcinoma (CCC) than in non-CCC. We evaluated the antitumor activity of cabozantinib, that targets MET. Materials and Methods: A gene expression analysis of tumors from human ovarian cancers was carried out by transcriptome sequencing. An in vitro 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay (MTT assay) and in vivo experiments were performed to determine the activity of cabozantinib. Results: The MET levels were higher in tumors with CCC than high-grade serous carcinoma (2.2-fold). Cabozantinib inhibited cell viability and phosphorylation of AKT and MAPK under the treatment of hepatocyte growth factor in RMG-I CCC cells. The tumors removed from mice given cabozantinib of 10 mg/kg weighed 70% less than control on day 15, and the immunohistochemical reactivity of phosphorylated MET was reduced compared with control mice. Conclusion: Cabozantinib contributes to tumor reduction, and phosphorylated MET represents an attractive target of CCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6125-6132
Number of pages8
JournalAnticancer research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Cabozantinib
  • Clear cell carcinoma
  • MET
  • Ovarian cancer
  • RMG-I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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