The baby cooling project of Japan to implement evidence-based neonatal cooling

Osuke Iwata, Toshiki Takenouchi, Sachiko Iwata, Makoto Nabetani, Takeo Mukai, Jun Shibasaki, Kennosuke Tsuda, Takuya Tokuhisa, Hisanori Sobajima, Masanori Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Therapeutic hypothermia was first recommended as a standard of care by international guidelines in 2010. However, at that time, the number of centers capable of providing standard cooling was limited even in Japan. The aim of this project was to implement a nationwide network of evidence-based cooling within 3 years. A taskforce was formed in June 2010 to undergo the primary nationwide practice survey, design of action plans, and the appraisal of interventions by involving all registered level-II/III neonatal intensive care units in Japan. Based on findings from the primary survey, aggressive action plans were introduced that focused on the formulation of clinical recommendations, facilitation of educational events, and opening of an online case registry. Findings from the follow-up survey (January 2013) were compared with the results from the primary survey (June 2010). Four workshops and three consensus meetings were held to formulate clinical recommendations, which were followed by the publication of practical textbooks, large-scale education seminars, and implementation of a case registry. A follow-up survey covering 253 units (response rate: 89.1%) showed that cooling centers increased from 89 to 135. Twelve prefectures had no cooling centers in 2010, whereas all 47 prefectures had at least one in 2013. In cooling centers, adherence to the standard cooling protocols and the use of servo-controlled cooling devices improved from 20.7% to 94.7% and from 79.8% to 98.5%, respectively. A rapid improvement in the national provision of evidence-based cooling was achieved. International consensus guidelines coupled with domestic interventions might be effective in changing empirical approaches to evidence-based practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-179
Number of pages7
JournalTherapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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