The Coexistence of Extradural Arteriovenous Fistula and Soft Tissue Arteriovenous Malformation Within the Same Metamere

Nobuhiko Arai, Takenori Akiyama, Kazunari Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background Spinal arteriovenous shunts are a common spinal vascular disorder. However, they can have a misleading clinical presentation and poor prognosis. They are classified into 4 types according to shunt points and drainage route, among which extradural arteriovenous fistula (eAVF) is the most rare, comprising only 1% of all spinal arteriovenous shunts. We report an extremely rare case of coexistent eAVF at the craniocervical junction and soft tissue arteriovenous malformation within the same metamere. Case Description A 30-year-old man presented with neck pain. T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed a flow void at the right craniocervical junction compressing the spinal cord. Angiography revealed eAVF at the craniocervical junction. The patient was treated via transvenous embolization. After the procedure, shunt flow and symptoms markedly decreased. During the operation, an extracranial arteriovenous malformation under the occipital skin was detected immediately after occluding the shunt point. Conclusions This case indicates that transvenous embolization can be an effective treatment for eAVF and supports some hypotheses of arteriovenous malformation development. Additionally, it emphasizes the importance of examining a lesion with multiple modalities, including angiography, three-dimensional angiography, and cone-beam computed tomography, to understand the anatomy of the lesion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)877.e1-877.e7
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1


  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Arteriovenous malformation
  • Metamere
  • Spinal extradural arteriovenous fistula
  • Transvenous embolization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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