The current status of 492 adult women with turner syndrome: A questionnaire survey by the foundation for growth science

Kunihiko Hanew, Toshiaki Tanaka, Reiko Horikawa, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Susumu Yokoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Current status and its background of Adult Turner Syndrome (TS) are not clarified well. Via a questionnaire survey of 492 adult women with TS, this study investigated the association between menstruation, Kaufmann therapy (menstrual induction therapy), social status (education, employment & marriage), complications, transition from pediatric to adult care, and sex chromosome karyotype using statistical methods. Spontaneous menarche occurred in 22.0% and more frequently among patients with the 45,X/46,XX karyotype. Over 60% of these subjects, menstruation did not persist regularly. Kauffmann therapy was performed in 69.4%; the most common formulation was a conjugated estrogen and progesterone combination. Marriage and higher education advancement rates were low in adults with TS, whereas their employment rate was similar to that of the age-matched general female population. Patients receiving Kauffmann therapy had higher complication rates, greater education length, and higher employment rates. The higher-education advancement rate was observed among patients with 45,X/46,X,Xi and 46,X,Xi karyotypes. Transition from pediatrician to adult specialist was not smooth, subjects were treated in pediatric departments (60.7%), gynecological department (21.4%), internal medicine departments (13.3%), and others. While reason is not clear, the largest number of TS patients are treated in general pediatrics and the percentage of receiving Kauffmann therapy and having complication were significantly lower than in pediatric and adult department of endocrinology (& metabolism). This Study revealed many novel findings of adult TS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1081-1089
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrine journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Adult turner syndrome
  • Menstruation
  • Sex chromosome
  • Social status
  • Transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


Dive into the research topics of 'The current status of 492 adult women with turner syndrome: A questionnaire survey by the foundation for growth science'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this