The Effect of High Molecular Weight Hyaluronic Acid and Latanoprost Eyedrops on Tear Functions and Ocular Surface Status in C57/BL6 Mice

Murat Dogru, Takashi Kojima, Kazunari Higa, Ayako Igarashi, Haruka Kudo, Wolfgang G.K. Müller-Lierheim, Kazuo Tsubota, Kazuno Negishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Anti-glaucoma eye drop treatment often induces ocular surface problems, including dry eyes, and may be associated with poor medication compliance. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a novel high molecular weight hyaluronic acid and Latanoprost eye drop on intraocular pressure, as well as the tear function and ocular surface alterations in wild type mice, comparing the results with the mice receiving commercially available Latanoprost eye drops and mice receiving no treatment. The mice were divided into three groups: Group I, control group (no treatment group); Group II, commercial Latanoprost eye drop (LP); and Group III, Comfort Shield (CS) + Latanoprost (LP) eye drop (CS + LP). The CS + LP eye drop group had an IOP lowering effect comparable to the commercial LP eye drop group. The mice receiving LP eye drops had significantly worse corneal staining scores, lesser goblet cell density(GCD), higher numbers of CD45+ staining cells, significantly higher tear film concentrations of IL-6 and IL1-b, and a significantly lower expression of corneal ZO-1 mRNA compared with the mice receiving CS + LP 7 days after eye drop instillations (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the new CS + LP formulation appeared to induce less inflammation, less corneal vital staining, and a better barrier status with an IOP lowering effect comparable to the commercial LP eye drops.

Original languageEnglish
Article number544
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan

Keywords

  • anti-glaucoma eye drops
  • dry eye
  • hyaluronic acid eye drops
  • wild type mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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