The effects of 3% diquafosol sodium application on the tear functions and ocular surface of the Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase-1 (Sod1)-knockout mice

Takashi Kojima, Murat Dogru, Osama M. Ibrahim, Taeko Nagata, Kazunari Higa, Takahiko Shimizu, Takuji Shirasawa, Yoshiyuki Satake, Seika Shimazaki, Jun Shimazaki, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


To investigate the role of a water and mucin secretagogue (3% diquafosol sodium eye drops) on the tear function and conjunctival ocular surface changes in Sod1-/- in comparison to the wild-type (WT) mice. Methods: Fourteen eyes of 7 Sod1-/- male mice with C57BL/background and 14 eyes of 7 C57BL6 strain wild-type male mice were examined at 40 weeks in this study. All mice had application of 3% diquafosol ophthalmic solution six times a day for 2 weeks. Tear film stability and corneal epithelial damage was evaluated by fluorescein and Rose Bengal stainings. Anterior segment photography was performed before and after eye drop instillations. Aqueous tear quantity was measured with phenol red-impregnated cotton threads without anesthesia. Animals were sacrificed at 42 weeks after diquafosol treatment and the whole globe specimens were subjected to periodic acid Schiff staining. Goblet cell density was quantified by J Image software. Quantitative real-time PCR for conjunctival muc 5AC messenger RNA expression was also performed. Results: Sod1-/- mice had significantly higher fluorescein staining scores compared to the WT mice before eye drop instillation. The mean tear film breakup time, Rose Bengal staining scores, and muc5 messenger RNA expression improved significantly with diquafosol treatment in both the WT and the knockout mice. The mean fluorescein staining score and aqueous tear quantity significantly improved in the Sod1-/- mice with treatment. A notable and consistent increase in goblet cells and decrease in inflammatory cell infiltrates could be confirmed in all specimens after 2 weeks of diquafosol eye drop application. Conclusions: Three percent diquafosol ophthalmic solution appears to be effective in the treatment of ocular surface disease in this age-related dry eye disease mouse model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)929-938
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular vision
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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