The Impact of the Popularization of Clean Energy Vehicles on Employment

Jun Osawa, Masaru Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The introduction of clean energy vehicles (CEVs) is expected to improve environmental efficiency in the transportation sector. However, the popularization of each CEV type has different impacts on economic, social, and environmental aspects across life cycle, because CEVs have a different parts structure from that of gasoline vehicles (GVs). Because CEVs affect many aspects of the social system, it is necessary to analyze CEVs in the context of product-service systems (PSS), which bring together products (CEVs) and service (public service), rather than focusing on individual products. Also, the popularization of CEVs will affect employment especially, as CEVs generate demand in different industries compared with GVs. There are labor- and capital-intensive industries, and the number of jobs will vary depending on the supply chain characteristics of each CEV. However, most existing studies do not consider the impacts on employment when CEVs are popularized in a society. Therefore, by quantitatively assessing the social sustainability of PSS that are centered on CEVs and public service, in this study, we evaluate and analyze the ripple effects on employment under some scenarios. Our simulation results show that compared with 2010, the employment effects of the popularization of CEVs in 2030 are expected to decrease by about 37,000 people in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-482
Number of pages5
JournalProcedia CIRP
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventProduct-Service Systems across Life Cycle, 2016 - Bergamo, Italy
Duration: 2016 Jun 202016 Jun 21


  • Automotive industry
  • Economic assessment
  • Employment effects
  • Input-output analysis
  • Life cycle
  • Product-service systems
  • Supply chain
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'The Impact of the Popularization of Clean Energy Vehicles on Employment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this