The Japanese returnee experience: Factors that affect reentry

Tomoko Yoshida, David Matsumoto, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Naoko Moriyoshi, Atsushi Furuiye, Chikako Ishii, Brenda Franklin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Although the number of Japanese children raised overseas has been increasing and many steps have been taken to ease reentry for them, the consequences of these efforts are not clear. Japanese parents who sojourn abroad with their children are still left to a trial and error approach when it comes to their children's education and socialization. This study examined what factors predict the various social and psychological outcomes of the "returnee experience." Based on previous work, 27 dependent variables were employed to assess the types of social and psychological consequences experienced by returnees; they were reduced to nine factors by factor analysis. Also, 31 variables that previous literature suggested influenced these experiences were measured; factor analysis reduced them to 10 factors. A backward multiple regression was then conducted on each of the nine dependent factors. Results showed that communication with parents, recency of return and special provisions were key to capturing positive outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-445
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Adjustment
  • Culture shock
  • Global nomad
  • Reentry
  • Returnees (kikokushijo)
  • TCK

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


Dive into the research topics of 'The Japanese returnee experience: Factors that affect reentry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this