The Japanese Workplace PERMA-Profiler: A validation study among Japanese workers

Kazuhiro Watanabe, Norito Kawakami, Toru Shiotani, Hidehiko Adachi, Kaori Matsumoto, Kotaro Imamura, Kei Matsumoto, Fumino Yamagami, Ayumi Fusejima, Tomoko Muraoka, Tomomitsu Kagami, Akihito Shimazu, Margaret L. Kern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Although well-being at work is important for occupational health, multi-dimensional workplace well-being measures do not exist for Japanese workers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the Japanese version of the Workplace PERMA-Profiler. Methods: Japanese workers completed online surveys at baseline (N = 310) and 1 month later (N = 100) . The Workplace PERMA-Profiler was translated according to international guidelines. Job and life satisfaction, work engagement, psychological distress, work-related psychosocial factors, and work performance were measured as comparisons for convergent validity. Cronbach's alphas, Intra-class Correlation Coefficients (ICCs), and measurement errors were calculated for the reliability, and the validity of the measure was tested by correlational analyses and confirmatory factor analysis. Results: A total of 310 (baseline) and 86 (follow-up) workers responded and were included in the analyses. Cronbach's alphas and ICCs of the Japanese Workplace PERMA-Profiler ranged from 0.75 to 0.96. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the 5-factor model demonstrated a marginally acceptable fit (χ2 (80) = 351.30, CFI = 0.892, TLI = 0.858, RMSEA = 0.105, SRMR = 0.051). Overall well-being and the five PERMA domains had moderate-to-strong correlations with job satisfaction, psychological distress (inversely), and workrelated factors. Conclusions: The Japanese version of the Workplace PERMA-Profiler demonstrated adequate reliability and validity. This measure could be useful to assess well-being at work, promote well-being research among Japanese workers, and address the problem of definition for well-being in further studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-393
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of occupational health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Flourishing
  • Japanese workers
  • Psychometrics
  • Well-being
  • Workplace

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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