The role of graft and host accommodation in a hamster-to-rat cardiac transplantation model

Koji Komori, Yasushi Fuchimoto, Yasuhide Morikawa, Hideaki Obara, Shigeyuki Kawachi, Minoru Tanabe, Ken Hoshino, Motohide Shimazu, Yumi Matsuzaki, Masaki Kitajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND. We evaluated the importance and mechanism of graft and host accommodation in hamster-to-rat cardiac xenotransplantation models. METHODS. To evaluate graft accommodation, accommodated hamster grafts (Group 2) were transplanted to naïve host rats treated with FK506, and compared with naïve hamster grafts (Group 1). To evaluate host accommodation, three groups were evaluated: naive hamster hearts were transplanted to naïve hosts treated with FK506 (Group 3: 0.5 mg/kg, Group 4: 1.0 mg/kg) and splenectomy, and compared with accommodating hosts (Group 5) with FK506 0.5 mg/kg and splenectomy. We examined graft survival, histopathology, antihamster antibodies and B-1 cells in blood. RESULTS. Graft survival in Group 2 (3.4±0.9 days) was not significantly different from that in Group 1 (2.8±0.4 days). Graft survival in Groups 4 and 5 (>30 days) was significantly prolonged compared with that in Group 3 (6.0±0.7 days). Histopathology of Groups 1-3 showed humoral rejection, whereas Groups 4 and 5 showed normal histology and expression of protective genes. In Groups 1-3, antihamster immunoglobulin (Ig) M and B-1 cells increased significantly compared to Groups 4 and 5, where IgM and B-1 cells remained low or were reduced. CONCLUSIONS. Host accommodation was more important than graft accommodation. Accommodating grafts expressing protective genes were rejected with an elevation of both IgM and B-1 cells. In accommodated hosts, both IgM and B-1 cells decreased, suggesting that B-1 cells may be responsible for the production of antihamster antibodies. These results suggest that sufficient suppression of B-1 cells, resulting in decreased titers of antihamster antibodies, may play an important role in host accommodation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-117
Number of pages6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan


  • Accommodation
  • B-1 cell
  • Protective gene
  • Xenotransplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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