The validity of intraoperative angiography for the treatment of spinal arteriovenous fistula

Yingpeng Xia, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Satoshi Onozuka, Ryo Ueda, Morio Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Chiba, Yoshiaki Toyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of patients with spinal arteriovenous fistula (AVF) who underwent surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of the intraoperative angiography (IA) for the surgical treatment of spinal AVF. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Owing to the development of interventional techniques, endovascular embolization has become the treatment of choice for AVF, but it is not applicable for every spinal AVF owing to anatomic complexity of the spinal cord vessels. To get effective occlusion of the AVF, IA has been routinely used in the management of cerebral vascular diseases, but report of its use for spinal AVF is rare. METHODS: Since 2004, 4 consecutive cases of spinal AVF (3 males and 1 female, 3 thoracic, and 1 thoracolumbar) were involved in this study. The mean age at the time of operation was 62.3 years (range from 48 to 76 y). Types of AVFs and surgical techniques were reviewed retrospectively and the outcomes were assessed using the Japanese Orthopedic Association scoring system. RESULTS: AVFs in 3 patients were diagnosed as the dural type and that in the remaining patient as the perimedullary type; all feeding arteries were derived from the ninth to 10th intercostal arteries. Preoperative angiography demonstrated that the feeding arteries in 2 patients with a dural AVF were the branches of Adamkiewicz artery and in another dural AVF case, the Adamkiewicz artery could not be determined, therefore, endovascular embolization was not feasible. Including a patient with perimedullary AVF, a microsurgical clipping combined with IA was selected as the treatment. Complete occlusion of the fistula was achieved in all cases, the mean preoperative Japanese Orthopedic Association score of 4.5 improved to 6 at the final follow-up, and no perioperative complications were observed during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: The favorable clinical results in our spinal AVF cases confirmed that IA ensures safe and accurate occlusion of the fistula. This technique provides satisfactory surgical results for spinal AVFs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-448
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug


  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Embolization
  • Intraoperative angiography
  • Microsurgery
  • Spinal cord
  • Surgical technique
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology


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