Thermal energy storage performance of tetrabutylammonium acrylate hydrate as phase change materials

Hitoshi Kiyokawa, Hiroki Tokutomi, Shinichi Ishida, Hiroaki Nishi, Ryo Ohmura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Kinetic characteristics of thermal energy storage (TES) using tetrabutylammonium acrylate (TBAAc) hydrate were experimentally evaluated for practical use as PCMs. Mechanical agitation or ultrasonic vibration was added to detach the hydrate adhesion on the heat exchanger, which could be a thermal resistance. The effect of the external forces also was evaluated by changing their rotation rate and frequency. When the agitation rate was 600 rpm, the system achieved TES density of 140 MJ/m3 in 2.9 hours. This value is comparable to the ideal performance of ice TES when its solid phase fraction is 45%. UA/V (U: thermal transfer coefficient, A: surface area of the heat ex-change coil, V: volume of the TES medium) is known as an index of the ease of heat transfer in a heat exchanger. UA/V obtained in this study was comparable to that of other common heat exchang-ers, which means the equivalent performance would be available by setting the similar UA/V. In this study, we succeeded in obtaining practical data for heat storage by TBAAc hydrate. The data obtained in this study will be a great help for the practical application of hydrate heat storage in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4848
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 1


  • Clathrate hydrate
  • Crys-tal growth
  • Tetrabutylammonium acrylate (TBAAc)
  • Thermal energy storage
  • Ultrasonic vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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