Thickness-dependent appearance of ferromagnetism in Pd(100) ultrathin films

S. Sakuragi, T. Sakai, S. Urata, S. Aihara, A. Shinto, H. Kageshima, M. Sawada, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, T. Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


We report the appearance of ferromagnetism in thin films of Pd(100), which depends on film thickness in the range of 3-5 nm on SrTiO3(100) substrates. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurement shows the intrinsic nature of ferromagnetism in Pd(100) films. The spontaneous magnetization in Pd(100) films, corresponding to is 0.61μB/atom, is comparable to Ni, and it changes in an oscillatory manner depending on film thickness, where the period quantitatively agrees with the theoretical prediction based on the two-dimensional quantum well in the film. This indicates that the discrete electronic states in the quantum well shift to Fermi energy to satisfy the condition for ferromagnetism (Stoner criterion) at a specific film thickness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054411
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 18
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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