Throughput sensitivity analysis using a single simulation

Christoph Roser, Masaru Nakano, Minoru Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes a novel method of calculating the sensitivity of the manufacturing system throughput to the variables of the machines. The sensitivity analysis needs only a single simulation, yet is easy to use and provides accurate results. This sensitivity analysis is then used to predict the change in the system throughput due to a change of the variables of the machines provided that the system change does not significantly change the bottleneck. These predictions can be used for a local optimization, allowing the use of a steepest descent optimization algorithm. The method is based on improving the momentary shifting bottlenecks. The shifting bottlenecks are detected using the shifting bottleneck detection method based on the active duration, i.e., the time a machine is active without interruption. The method is easy to understand and easy to implement in existing simulation software.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1087-1094
Number of pages8
JournalWinter Simulation Conference Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 2002 Winter Simulation Conference - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 2002 Dec 82002 Dec 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Chemical Health and Safety
  • Applied Mathematics


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