The advances in the integrated management of patients with coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have reduced subsequent cardiovascular events. Nonetheless, sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains a major concern. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the time trend in SCD incidence after PCI and to identify the clinical factors contributing to SCD. From a prospective, multicenter cohort registry in Japan, 8,723 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease undergoing PCI between 2009 and 2017 were included. We evaluated the SCD incidence 2 years after PCI; all death events were adjudicated, and SCD was defined as unexpected death without a noncardiovascular cause in a previously stable patient within 24 hours from the onset. The Fine and Gray method was used to identify the factors associated with SCD. Overall, the mean age of the patients was 68.3 ± 11.3 years, and 1,173 patients (13.4%) had heart failure (HF). During the study period, the use of second-generation drug-eluting stents increased. The 2-year cumulative incidence of all-cause mortality and SCD was 4.29% and 0.45%, respectively. All-cause mortality remained stable during the study period (p for trend = 0.98), whereas the crude incidence of SCD tended to decrease over the study period (p for trend = 0.052). HF was the strongest predictor associated with the risk of SCD (crude incidence [vs non-HF] 2.13% vs 0.19%; p <0.001). In conclusion, the incidence of SCD after PCI decreased over the last decade, albeit the high incidence of SCD among patients with HF remains concerning.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine