Topological confinement of vortices in two-flavor dense QCD

Yuki Fujimoto, Muneto Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We find a novel confinement mechanism in the two-flavor dense quark matter proposed recently, that consists of the 2SC condensates and the P-wave diquark condensates of d-quarks. This quark matter exhibiting color superconductivity as well as superfluidity is classified into two phases; confined and deconfined phases of vortices. We establish that the criterion of the confinement is color neutrality of Aharonov-Bohm (AB) phases: vortices exhibiting color non-singlet AB phases are confined by the so-called AB defects to form color-singlet bound states. In the deconfined phase, the most stable vortices are non-Abelian Alice strings, which are superfluid vortices with fractional circulation and non-Abelian color magnetic fluxes therein, exhibiting color non-singlet AB phases. On the other hand, in the confined phase, these non-Abelian vortices are confined to either a baryonic or mesonic bound state in which constituent vortices are connected by AB defects. The baryonic bound state consists of three non-Abelian Alice strings with different color magnetic fluxes with the total flux canceled out connected by a domain wall junction, while the mesonic bound state consists of two non-Abelian Alice strings with the same color magnetic fluxes connected by a single domain wall. Interestingly, the latter contains a color magnetic flux in its core, but this can exist because of color neutrality of its AB phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number192
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sept


  • Phase Diagram of QCD
  • Solitons Monopoles and Instantons
  • Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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