Topological defects and nano-Hz gravitational waves in aligned axion models

Tetsutaro Higaki, Kwang Sik Jeong, Naoya Kitajima, Toyokazu Sekiguchi, Fuminobu Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: We study the formation and evolution of topological defects in an aligned axion model with multiple Peccei-Quinn scalars, where the QCD axion is realized by a certain combination of the axions with decay constants much smaller than the conventional Peccei-Quinn breaking scale. When the underlying U(1) symmetries are spontaneously broken, the aligned structure in the axion field space exhibits itself as a complicated string-wall network in the real space. We find that the string-wall network likely survives until the QCD phase transition if the number of the Peccei-Quinn scalars is greater than two. The string-wall system collapses during the QCD phase transition, producing a significant amount of gravitational waves in the nano-Hz range at present. The typical decay constant is constrained to be below O(100) TeV by the pulsar timing observations, and the constraint will be improved by a factor of 2 in the future SKA observations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1


  • Beyond Standard Model
  • Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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