Torsional behavior of a non-eccentric structure considering the effect of shear deformations in vertical members

Shiori Maki, Masayuki Kohiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Torsional moments can occur in a column owing to the geometric nonlinearity when the top of the column undergoes a large displacement in two horizontal directions. Periodically generated torsional moments can excite the torsional mode of a building owing to the internal resonance. For high-rise buildings, there is a risk that long-period seismic motions can cause a non-negligible torsional response due to this phenomenon. To investigate this risk, this study focuses on non-eccentric single-story and two-story shear-type structural models with an aggregate column, which is assumed to be an elastic Timoshenko beam. We derived the equations of motion for the models under horizontal ground motions and confirmed that the equations were identical to those of the models with an aggregate column of an elastic Euler beam. We then performed time-history response analyses of the models satisfying the internal resonance conditions under the input ground motions of harmonic waves, Gaussian white noise acceleration, acceleration records of previous earthquakes, and a long-period design wave. The results showed that the maximum horizontal acceleration at the corner of the top floor slab could be increased by more than 60% of the acceleration at the center of the slab in the worst case.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-431
Number of pages28
JournalJapan Architectural Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct


  • Timoshenko beam
  • geometric nonlinearity
  • high-rise building
  • shear-type structure
  • torsional response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Modelling and Simulation


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