Treating Negative Symptoms in Schizophrenia: an Update

Gary Remington, George Foussias, Gagan Fervaha, Ofer Agid, Hiroyoshi Takeuchi, Jimmy Lee, Margaret Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

115 Citations (Scopus)


Interest in the negative symptoms of schizophrenia has increased rapidly over the last several decades, paralleling a growing interest in functional, in addition to clinical, recovery, and evidence underscoring the importance negative symptoms play in the former. Efforts continue to better define and measure negative symptoms, distinguish their impact from that of other symptom domains, and establish effective treatments as well as trials to assess these. Multiple interventions have been the subject of investigation, to date, including numerous pharmacological strategies, brain stimulation, and non-somatic approaches. Level and quality of evidence vary considerably, but to this point, no specific treatment can be recommended. This is particularly problematic for individuals burdened with negative symptoms in the face of mild or absent positive symptoms. Presently, clinicians will sometimes turn to interventions that are seen as more “benign” and in line with routine clinical practice. Strategies include use of atypical antipsychotics, ensuring the lowest possible antipsychotic dose that maintains control of positive symptoms (this can involve a shift from antipsychotic polypharmacy to monotherapy), possibly an antidepressant trial (given diagnostic uncertainty and the frequent use of these drugs in schizophrenia), and non-somatic interventions (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy, CBT). The array and diversity of strategies currently under investigation highlight the lack of evidence-based treatments and our limited understanding regarding negative symptoms underlying etiology and pathophysiology. Their onset, which can precede the first psychotic break, also means that treatments are delayed. From this perspective, identification of biomarkers and/or endophenotypes permitting earlier diagnosis and intervention may serve to improve treatment efficacy as well as outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-150
Number of pages18
JournalCurrent Treatment Options in Psychiatry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1


  • Brain stimulation
  • Negative symptoms
  • Pharmacotherapy
  • Schizophrenia
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Treating Negative Symptoms in Schizophrenia: an Update'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this