Treatment preference for weekly versus daily DPP-4 inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: outcomes from the TRINITY trial

Shu Meguro, Shingo Matsui, Hiroshi Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To examine patient preference for treatment with the oral once-weekly dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i), trelagliptin, and oral once-daily DPP-4i, alogliptin, administered for 8 weeks each in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus prescribed a daily DPP-4i. Methods: In this randomized, open-label, two-way crossover study, patients received trelagliptin followed by alogliptin (T-A group) or alogliptin followed by trelagliptin (A-T group), for 8 weeks each (NCT03231709, JapicCTI-173662). Treatment preference was assessed using a standardized questionnaire in the overall population and by baseline characteristics. Other outcomes included patient satisfaction with diabetes treatment (assessed using the Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire [DTSQ]), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels after 8 weeks of treatment with each agent, and safety. Results: Sixty patients from two clinical sites were randomized 1:1 to T-A and A-T groups (each n = 30); baseline characteristics were similar between groups. After 16 weeks of treatment, 51.7% of patients preferred treatment with alogliptin compared with 30.0% selecting trelagliptin (p =.014); preference for alogliptin was consistently greater than for trelagliptin in the secondary analyses by baseline characteristics. DTSQ score and HbA1c levels were similar between treatments after 8 weeks of therapy. Both treatments demonstrated favorable safety and tolerability profiles. Conclusions: Patients expressed a significantly greater treatment preference for once-daily alogliptin than once-weekly trelagliptin, although patient satisfaction and HbA1c levels were similar across treatments. The decision to administer a once-weekly or once-daily DPP-4i is likely to depend on patient preference, patient-physician discussions, and treatment practices of the prescribing physician.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2071-2078
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Medical Research and Opinion
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 2


  • Alogliptin
  • diabetes mellitus
  • patient preference
  • trelagliptin
  • type 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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