By using two mutually phase-locked optical frequency combs with slightly different repetition rates, we demonstrate asynchronous optical-sampling terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (ASOPS THz-TDS) without using any trigger signals or optical delay lines. Due to a tight stabilization of the repetition frequencies, it was possible to accumulate the data over 48 minutes in a triggerless manner without signal degradation. The fractional frequency stability of the measured terahertz signal is evaluated to be ∼8.0 × 10-17 after 730 s. The frequency accuracy of the obtained terahertz spectrum is ensured by phase-locking the two frequency combs to a frequency standard. To clarify the performance of our system, we characterized the absorption line of water vapor around 0.557 THz. The good agreement of the measured center frequency and linewidth with the values predicted from the HITRAN database verifies the suitability of our ASOPS THz-TDS system for precise measurements.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics