Two-dimensional Rashba superconductivity in Ni/Bi bilayers evidenced by nonreciprocal transport

Hiroki Hayashi, Kazuya Ando

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


When two different materials are brought together, a plethora of quantum phenomena and functionalities can emerge. A prominent example is the superconductivity in Ni/Bi bilayers, which arises from the artificial layered structure composed of the non-superconducting ferromagnetic and heavy metals. Although this system has been shown to exhibit unconventional superconducting properties, the underlying mechanism of the superconductivity remains elusive. Here, we provide experimental evidence of the microscopic coexistence of two-dimensional (2D) superconductivity and broken space-inversion symmetry in the Ni/Bi bilayer. The evidence is obtained from nonreciprocal transport around the superconducting transition temperature, where the resistance depends on the direction of an applied current and an external magnetic field. We find that the nonreciprocal superconducting transport is most pronounced around the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition temperature. These observations support the 2D Rashba superconductivity in the Ni/Bi bilayer, which will serve as a basis for advancing the understanding of unconventional superconductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number011401
JournalApplied Physics Reviews
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Mar 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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