Two Medullary Hemorrhage Cases Complicated by Respiratory Distress in the Early Phase

Ryuichiro Yagi, Yoshinori Nishimoto, Satoshi Yamada, Hanae Nakashima, Kensuke Okada, Fumie Konoeda, Haruhiko Hoshino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Medullary hemorrhage is quite rare among brain stem hemorrhage cases, thus the clinical course remains unclear. In the medulla oblongata, respiratory centers are located and previous reports indicate that medullary lesions have possible relationship with acute respiratory distress syndrome. This kind of respiratory failure is commonly caused by neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE), which is defined as noncardiac noninfectious acute respiratory distress syndrome with changes in intracranial condition including cerebrovascular events. However, to date, very few reports have described cases with medullary hemorrhage accompanied by NPE. We experienced 2 patients with medullary hemorrhages. A 65-year-old man presented with sudden onset of headache, whose head computed tomography showed right medullary hemorrhage. Another 76-year-old woman was transferred because of sudden limb weakness and diagnosed with left medullary hemorrhage. Digital subtraction angiography showed the presence of arteriovenous fistula in the medulla oblongata and drainer veins in the second case. Both cases were complicated by acute pulmonary edema in the early phase, suggesting the possible association of the medullary hemorrhage with NPE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-231
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Medullary hemorrhage
  • acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • arteriovenous fistula
  • neurogenic pulmonary edema

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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