Ultrasound Evaluation of Dermal Sinuses/Fistulas in Pediatric Patients

Takahiro Hosokawa, Hiroaki Takahashi, Yusuke Miyasaka, Kenji Ohira, Yutaka Tanami, Yumiko Sato, Tetsuya Ishimaru, Hiroshi Kawashima, Mayumi Hosokawa, Eiji Oguma, Yoshitake Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


A dermal sinus/fistula is a common condition; the relevant department should be consulted for appropriate treatment. It is important for radiologists to have adequate knowledge of these conditions to provide the correct diagnosis and recommend subsequent management. This review describes the following lesions: preauricular sinus, midline sinus of the upper lip, nasal dermoid sinus cyst, cheek fistula, first branchial cleft anomaly/sublingual branchial cleft anomaly, thyroglossal duct cyst/fistula, lateral cervical sinus/fistula, congenital dermal sinus/fistula of the anterior chest region, congenital skin sinus/fistula with a sternal cleft, and congenital prepubic sinus. On the basis of the skin orifice location and ultrasound images, radiologists can provide useful information to physicians.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3107-3122
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • branchial cleft anomaly
  • congenital anomaly
  • dermal sinus
  • dermoid sinus
  • pediatrics
  • salivary fistula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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