Urban systems design: A conceptual framework for planning smart communities

Michael B. Tobey, Robert B. Binder, Soowon Chang, Takahiro Yoshida, Yoshiki Yamagata, Perry P.J. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Urban systems design arises from disparate current planning approaches (urban design, Planning Support Systems, and community engagement), compounded by the reemergence of rational planning methods from new technology (Internet of Things (IoT), metric based analysis, and big data). The proposed methods join social considerations (Human Well-Being), environmental needs (Sustainability), climate change and disaster mitigation (Resilience), and prosperity (Economics) as the four foundational pillars. Urban systems design integrates planning methodologies to systematically tackle urban challenges, using IoT and rational methods, while human beings form the core of all analysis and objectives. Our approach utilizes an iterative three-phase development loop to contextualize, evaluate, plan and design scenarios for the specific needs of communities. An equal emphasis is placed on feedback loops through analysis and design, to achieve the end goal of building smart communities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)522-537
Number of pages16
JournalSmart Cities
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Big data
  • Economics
  • Human factors
  • Planning Support System
  • Resilience
  • Sustainability
  • Urban design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Urban Studies


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