Virtual Surface Textures Created by MEMS Tactile Display

Yumi Kosemura, Junpei Watanabe, Hiroaki Ishikawa, Norihisa Miki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This paper reports creation of virtual surface textures using a MEMS tactile display. The display consists of large-displacement MEMS actuators with hydraulic amplification mechanisms. By controlling the displacement, the vibration frequency, and actuator driving patterns, the display could generate tactile feeling of various surface textures to a fingertip. In order to investigate the produced virtual tactile sensation quantifically, we prepared 18 samples, such as wood, urethane foam, and sandpapers, to compare. The subjects were requested to select one of these samples that had a texture most similar to the one produced by the display. We categorized the samples with respect to roughness, softness, surface energy and warmness, and correlated the control parameters to the selected samples. We also used information amount to analyze the results with respect to shareness among the subjects. We experimentally found that displacement of actuators had strong correlation with the roughness and the display presented hard surfaces except when apparent motion was generated.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHaptics
Subtitle of host publicationNeuroscience, Devices, Modeling, and Applications - 9th International Conference, EuroHaptics 2014, Proceedings
EditorsChristian Duriez, Christian Duriez, Malika Auvray, Malika Auvray
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9783662441923
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event9th International Conference on Haptics: Neuroscience, Devices, Modeling, and Applications, EuroHaptics 2014 - Versailles, France
Duration: 2014 Jun 242014 Jun 26

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other9th International Conference on Haptics: Neuroscience, Devices, Modeling, and Applications, EuroHaptics 2014


  • Apparent motion
  • Human interface
  • Surface texture
  • Tactile display
  • Virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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