We report the investigation of vortex emission by a vibrating wire in superfluid 3He-B at a pressure of 28 bar. We used two vibrating wires with 47 Hz and 183 Hz resonance frequencies as a generator and a detector of vortices. The onset velocity of vortex emission for the 183 Hz vibrating wire is higher than a pair-breaking velocity, indicating that pair breaking causes vortex generation. In contrast, the onset velocity for the 47 Hz vibrating wire is lower than the pair-breaking velocity. This result suggests that another mechanism of vortex emission arises for the lower-frequency vibrating wire: pair breaking due to local flow enhanced by protuberances on the surface of the wire, or instability of remanent vortices attached to the wire by vibration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)