Vortex emission by a low-frequency vibrating wire in superfluid 3He-B

Y. Nago, M. Inui, R. Kado, K. Obara, H. Yano, O. Ishikawa, T. Hata

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4 Citations (Scopus)


We report the investigation of vortex emission by a vibrating wire in superfluid 3He-B at a pressure of 28 bar. We used two vibrating wires with 47 Hz and 183 Hz resonance frequencies as a generator and a detector of vortices. The onset velocity of vortex emission for the 183 Hz vibrating wire is higher than a pair-breaking velocity, indicating that pair breaking causes vortex generation. In contrast, the onset velocity for the 47 Hz vibrating wire is lower than the pair-breaking velocity. This result suggests that another mechanism of vortex emission arises for the lower-frequency vibrating wire: pair breaking due to local flow enhanced by protuberances on the surface of the wire, or instability of remanent vortices attached to the wire by vibration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032071
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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