Vortex structure in weak to strong coupling superconductors: Crossover from BCS to BEC

Masahiko Machida, Tomio Koyama, Yoji Ohashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High-Tc cuprate and MgB2 superconductors are recognized as intermediate or strong coupling superconductors. In such a non-weak regime, the vortex core structure is an interesting issue, since the vortex dissipation is expected to be anomalously reduced due to large level distance between localized core states. In this paper, we systematically clarify the vortex core structure based on the fermion-boson model which can cover a full coupling range from weak BCS to strong BEC superconductors. The mean-field calculations on the model reveal that the distances between the low-lying core levels expand and the low-lying states finally disappear when changing the coupling from weak BCS to strong BEC regime. This result suggests that the strong coupling makes the vortex motion non-dissipative.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-197
Number of pages4
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes


  • BCS-BEC crossover
  • Fermion-boson model
  • Vortex core
  • Vortex dissipation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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