Vortices penetrating two-flavor quark-hadron continuity

Yuki Fujimoto, Muneto Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Alice and Boojums are both representative characters created by Lewis Carroll. We show that they possibly meet in cores of rotating neutron stars. Recent studies of quark-hadron continuity suggest that neutron superfluid matter can connect smoothly to two-flavor symmetric quark matter at high densities. We study how this can be maintained in the presence of the vortices. In the neutron matter, quantized superfluid vortices arise. In the two-flavor dense quark matter, vortices carrying color magnetic fluxes together with fractionally quantized superfluid circulations appear as the most stable configuration, and we call these as the non-Abelian Alice strings. We show that three integer neutron superfluid vortices and three non-Abelian Alice strings of different color magnetic fluxes with total color flux canceled out are joined at a junction called a Boojum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114003
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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