X-ray dose-dependent structural changes of the [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Yusuke Ohnishi, Norifumi Muraki, Daiki Kiyota, Hideo Okumura, Seiki Baba, Yoshiaki Kawano, Takashi Kumasaka, Hideaki Tanaka, Genji Kurisu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Plant-type ferredoxin (Fd) is an electron transfer protein in chloroplast. Redox-dependent structural change of Fd controls its association with and dissociation from Fd-dependent enzymes. Among many X-ray structures of oxidized Fd have been reported so far, very likely a given number of them was partially reduced by strong X-ray. To understand the precise structural change between reduced and oxidized Fd, it is important to know whether the crystals of oxidized Fd may or may not be reduced during the X-ray experiment. We prepared the thin plate-shaped Fd crystals from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and monitored its absorption spectra during experiment. Absorption spectra of oxidized Fd crystals were clearly changed to that of reduced form in an X-ray dose-dependent manner. In another independent experiment, the X-ray diffraction images obtained from different parts of one single crystal were sorted and merged to form two datasets with low and high X-ray doses. An Fo–Fo map calculated from the two datasets showed that X-ray reduction causes a small displacement of the iron atoms in the [2Fe-2S] cluster. Both our spectroscopic and crystallographic studies confirm X-ray dose-dependent reduction of Fd, and suggest a structural basis for its initial reduction step especially in the core of the cluster.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-555
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Absorption spectroscopy
  • Ferredoxin
  • Protein–protein interaction
  • Redox-dependent structural change
  • X-ray crystallography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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