This paper examines patients' demography at Ohji Brain Hospital, a prosperous private psychiatric hospital in Tokyo, from 1926 to 1945. Increase and decrease in the number of resident patients, new admissions and deaths are discussed, based on a database compiled from the patients' admission register. Particular attention is paid to the length of stay. The changing pattern of the distribution of the length of stay is examined in the light of new therapeutics and different expectations held by the clients.
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