A case of community-acquired pneumonia caused by Bacillus subtilis subsp. natto in an immunocompetent patient

Tetsuo Tani, Tomohiro Takehara, Kota Ishioka, Ayumi Yoshifuji, Kotaro Aoki, Saeko Takahashi

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

A 70-year-old immunocompetent male with a history of insomnia presented with pneumonia and bacteremia caused by Bacillus subtilis. The patient took benzodiazepines and regularly consumed alcohol and natto (fermented soybeans). Initial antibiotic treatment was not effective, and bronchoalveolar lavage was performed. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) analysis revealed an increased lymphocytes fraction, and B. subtilis was detected in the BALF. Whole-genome sequencing confirmed the congruence of the genetic sequences between the strain in the blood culture of the patient, BALF, and strain isolated from the consumed natto, confirming B. subtilis subsp. natto as the causative pathogen of pneumonia and bacteremia. Vancomycin followed by levofloxacin and systemic corticosteroid were used to treat the condition. This case highlights community-acquired pneumonia and bacteremia caused by B. subtilis subsp. natto, particularly in individuals who consume natto.

本文言語English
論文番号e01384
ジャーナルRespirology Case Reports
12
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2024 5月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 呼吸器内科

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