Background: The number of kidney injury due to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is the largest among drug-induced kidney diseases. Newly developed NSAID plaster containing S-flurbiprofen (SFP) shows innovative percutaneous absorption. However, systemic exposure to SFP following the repeated application of 80 mg/day was estimated as comparable to that of oral 120 mg/day flurbiprofen and prolonged use of topical NSAIDs is common in clinical practice. Thus, we report the safety focusing on the kidney function after long-term application of SFP plaster (SFPP). Methods: A total of 201 osteoarthritis patients (mean age; 66.3, 151 females, mean estimated glomerular filtration rate; 74.6 mL/min/1.73 mm2) were applied 40 or 80 mg SFPP for 52 weeks, and kidney function was examined by blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr), eGFR, and urinalysis. Results: 161 (80.1%) patients completed 52-week application. In both groups of 40 and 80 mg, small but statistically significant increases were observed in BUN (mean 1.91 and 1.89 mg/dL, p < 0.05) and SCr (mean 0.019 and 0.022 mg/dL, p < 0.05). Although abnormal changes in laboratory test for renal function were observed in seven patients, all the changes were small and subclinical. Acute kidney injury was observed in two patients. Meanwhile, the investigators denied the relevance of SFPP according to the clinical course. Conclusion: Toward the end of 52-week application, a statistically significant increase in SCr was observed in both 40 and 80 mg, but increment was small and subclinical. Attention should be paid to kidney function when applying SFPP to patients with multiple risk factors.
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