Background: Vonoprazan is a potassium competitive acid blocker used to treat erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with stronger, more stable acid-suppressing effects than proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). This study clarified the usefulness and superiority of vonoprazan administered every second day over PPIs in the maintenance therapy of erosive GERD. Methods: This is a prospective, multicenter, open-label, two-period randomized cross-over study. Patients were randomized to either the vonoprazan-lansoprazole (VP-LZ) group, who were given vonoprazan 10 mg for the first 4 weeks and then lansoprazole 15 mg for the next 4 weeks both administered once every second day, or the lansoprazole-vonoprazan (LZ-VP) group, who were treated in reverse. GERD symptoms were compared using symptom diaries, the frequency scale for symptoms of GERD (FSSG), and the gastrointestinal symptom rating scale (GSRS). Results: We enrolled 122 patients between December 2017 and May 2019. Symptoms were well controlled in vonoprazan administration and lansoprazole administration were 93.6% and 82.1%, respectively, with a significant difference on McNemar’s test (P = 0.003). During the second 4 weeks, 94.4% and 76.7% of patients in the VP-LZ and LZ-VP groups, respectively, were well controlled following for ≥ 6 consecutive days a week (P = 0.009). During the first 4 weeks, 96.7% and 80.0% of patients were well controlled with < 1 weekly in the VP-LZ and LZ-VP groups, respectively, during the first 4 weeks (P = 0.007). GERD symptoms, assessed via FSSG and GSRS, significantly decreased with vonoprazan administration once every second day. Conclusions: Vonoprazan administered once every second day could be an effective alternative to PPIs in the maintenance treatment of erosive GERD (UMIN000030393).
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