Acoustic filters provide sound insulation unpleasant noises at a specific frequency only. Ordinary passive acoustic filters made up of acoustic metamaterial structures can work without a power supply. However, their working frequency is not adjustable. This study reports a tunable open planar acoustic notch filter that incorporates a pneumatically controlled Helmholtz resonator (HR) array. The HR array consisted of three layers: cavities, a membrane, and microchannels. The cavities function as the HR chambers, whose volume determines the resonant frequency. The acoustic wave is effectively attenuated at this frequency owing to the HR effect. The HR chamber volume can be varied by displacing the stretchable membrane with air pressure through the microchannels. This helps in adjusting the resonant frequency, thereby realizing a tunable acoustic notch filter. We conducted theoretical, and experimental examinations along with simulations of the frequency response for an HR array with three different cavity thicknesses. The prototype device realized a frequency tuning of approximately 4.1-4.9 kHz with 10 dB filtering. Furthermore, an improved notch frequency tunability was observed for the thinner cavities, along with a decrease in the notch performance. Thus, the proposed HR array filter can be useful for high-frequency noise that is generally uncomfortable for humans.
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