We developed an all-electrochemical technique for fabricating a bilayer structure of a titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ) nanotube array (TNA) and a palladium film (TNA/Pd membrane), which works for photocatalytic high-purity hydrogen production. Electroless plating was used for depositing the Pd film on the TNA surface prepared by anodizing a titanium foil. A 3-μm-thick TNA/Pd membrane without any pinholes in a 1.5-cm-diameter area was fabricated by transferring a 1-μm-thick TNA onto an electroless-plated 2-μm-thick Pd film with a mechanical peel-off process. This ultrathin membrane with sufficient mechanical robustness showed photocatalytic H 2 production via methanol reforming under ultraviolet illumination on the TNA side, immediately followed by the purification of the generated H 2 gas through the Pd layer. The hydrogen production rate and the apparent quantum yield for high-purity H 2 production from methanol/water mixture with the TNA/Pd membrane were also examined. This work suggests that palladium electroless plating is more suitable and practical for preparing a well-organized TNA/Pd heterointerface than palladium sputter deposition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas