To determine whether a difference in donor source affects the outcome of transplantation for patients with primary myelofibrosis (PMF), a retrospective study was conducted using the national registry data on patients who received first allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with related BM (n=19), related PBSCs (n=25), unrelated BM (n=28) or unrelated umbilical cord blood (UCB; n=11). The 5-year OS rates after related BM, related PBSC and unrelated BM transplantation were 63%, 43% and 41%, respectively, and the 2-year OS rate after UCB transplantation was 36%. On multivariate analysis, the donor source was not a significant factor for predicting the OS rate. Instead, performance status (PS) ≥2 (vs PS 0-1) predicted a lower OS (P=0.044), and RBC transfusion ≥20 times before transplantation (vs transfusion ≤9 times) showed a trend toward a lower OS (P=0.053). No advantage of nonmyeloablative preconditioning regimens in terms of decreasing nonrelapse mortality or increasing OS was found. Allogeneic HCT, and even unrelated BM and UCB transplantation, provides a curative treatment for PMF patients.
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