Five amphiphilic meso-disubstituted porphyrins bearing one polar group were synthesized, and their monolayer films were prepared. Their limiting molecular areas obtained from π-A isotherms were 0.5-0.6 nm2, which were smaller than those of the corresponding meso-tetrasubstituted porphyrins. At the air-water interface, the disubstituted porphyrins showed a broad band in visible absorption spectra compared with the solution state, and the red shift of the Soret band exhibited a significant dependence on the kind of hydrophilic groups at the meso positions. Interestingly, the monolayer of the disubstituted porphyrin bearing a carboxyphenyl group (1-CO2H) showed a blue shift of the Soret band by adding cadmium chloride to the subphase, and the spectra varied upon multilayer deposition. The observed phenomena were interpreted by using the exciton theory. The effect of hydrophilic substituents on the absorption spectra of disubstituted porphyrin monolayers is discussed.
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