The soap-free emulsion polymerizations of styrene (St) and acrylamide (AAm) or methyl methacrylate (MMA) were carried out in the presence of three kinds of amphoteric initiators, and the polymerization kinetics and the colloidal properties of the latices produced were emphatically investigated. It was found that the number of carbon atoms between the amidino and carboxyl groups in each initiator exhibited an appreciable effect on the dissociation as well as on the solubility of the initiator in water, and therefore, that the properties of the colloidal particles depended on the structure of the initiators used. All the copolymerization runs, except for the polymerization using (2,2′-azobis(N-(2-caboxyethyl)-2-methylpropionamidine) under a strongly alkali condition, gave amphoteric latices, which indicated higher critical flocculation concentrations at lower or higher pHs than at a medium pH. The surface charge density measured by titration for poly(St/MMA) particles was about 3-10 times as high as that for the poly(St/AAm) ones, though these were prepared under the same conditions other than the monomer composition. The influence of the polymerization pH on both the polymerization rate and the surface charge density of the resulting latices was negligible even if the constants of the decomposition rate and the dissociation of the amphoteric initiators strongly depended on the pH of the medium.
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