Crystal orientation effects on the shear fatigue limits of iron single-crystals were investigated by considering the influence of normal stress of the slip plane on the critical resolved shear stress (CRSS). The shear fatigue limit with the (123) plane in the shear loading position was experimentally confirmed to exceed that with shear loading on the (110) plane. On the contrary, the shear yield stress of the (123) plane, evaluated by monotonic shear tests, was lower than that of the (110) plane. To solve this seeming contradiction, it was postulated that body-centred cubic crystals possessed 24 slip systems and that the CRSS was sensitive to the resolved normal stress (RNS) on the slip plane. That is, it was assumed that the CRSS decreased under the tensile RNS according to its magnitude, but increased under the compressive RNS. The mathematical model of the CRSS dependence on the RNS was simply introduced to the work-hardening law proposed by Peirce et al. allowing formulation of the algebraic equations yielding the crystalline slip rates. This crystal plasticity model was applied to analyse monotonic shear and shear fatigue tests. By considering the effect of the RNS sensitivity, the shear yield stress with the (123) plane in the shear loading position was calculated to be lower than that with the (110) plane, showing agreement with the experimental results of the monotonic shear tests. Furthermore, in the application of cyclic shear loads corresponding to the fatigue limits, it was confirmed that the plastic strain range of the primary slip plane converged to similar values despite the differences in the crystal orientations of the shear plane and the normal stresses to it. These results imply that the present method allows the prediction of fatigue limits under different crystal orientations and loading conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas